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Abiodun Olamosu reviews the classic 1975 book, Economic Development of Nigeria: The Socialist Alternative by Ola Oni and Bade Onimode which will soon be republished. Oni and Onimode wrote about the underdevelopment of Nigeria and how the people were made poor. They also provided a programme for the country’s development which included the disengagement from international capitalism, the introduction of democratic planning, public ownership and control of the means of production, distribution and exchange. Olamosu provides a critical introduction to the book. ...

For most commentators and scholars, it was only events in the Global North that constituted ‘Global 1968’. None of the relevant overviews brings related events on the African continent to the fore. In a detailed account of popular protest across Africa in the 1960s, it becomes clear that the decade was vital for activists – as it was elsewhere across the world. 1968 was a crucial year for popular protests and student militancy on the continent. roape.net begins to fill in the blanks in the story of ‘1968’ in a global perspective. ...

After the death of Zimbabwean opposition leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, we republish an article from our archive on his party, the MDC, and the election in 2000 that almost toppled Mugabe’s ZANU-PF. Tsvangirai's greatest moment. Writing in 2000, Peter Alexander describes how Tsvangirai rose to prominence as a trade union organiser who went on to head the powerful union federation, the ZCTU, and eventually became Zimbabwe's most prominent opposition politician....

In the first of a two-part blogpost, Matt Swagler considers how the Russian Revolution drew the attention of Black intellectuals and workers from Africa and across the African diaspora. He argues that the revolution cemented the importance of Marxist ideas in debates about colonial and racial liberation for decades to follow. For a time the revolution showed that the struggles to liberate Africa from colonial rule and struggles against capitalism in the imperial countries were integrally linked. The second part of the blogpost will look at the influence of the Soviet Union on African liberation movements after World War II....

In this blogpost Zimbabwean socialist Munyaradzi Gwisai unpicks the situation in South Africa. He explains that the working class and poor must avoid the dangers of both Zuma’s ‘fake left-turn’ and the Zuma Must Fall protests. What are the lessons, Gwisai asks, for South Africa from the movement that rose-up against Mugabe in Zimbabwe in the late 1990s?...

Jointly published by Jacobin and ROAPE, David Seddon writes about Joseph Kabila’s second term as president which was supposed to end last November, but he’s still clinging to power, despite massive resistance. For the past two years, the political opposition has struggled against Kabila, worried that he will try to extend his term by any means necessary. Seddon explains what has been happening. ...

In this introduction to a major paper on the Near East and North Africa, ROAPE's Ray Bush focuses on the struggles by small farmers across the region. He notes the spike in protests since the food price hikes of 2008 that had intensified rural malnutrition, poverty and inequality. How can the battle for livelihood and food security by the regions small and family farmers be assisted? ...

Last year witnessed one of the strongest El Niño events since the 18th century. Gary Littlejohn writes about the consequences for Southern Africa and Mozambique in particular, noting that the ensuing drought in parts of Africa continues with serious impacts on food security. Knowledge that could have mitigate the worse effects of the El Niño was discarded by a discredited neo-liberal orthodoxy, a zombie theory that keeps coming back from the dead, with fatal consequences for the poor. ...

In this article Palash Kamruzzaman and Ben Tantua argue that the cognitive world of ‘militants’ and ‘militancy’ in the Niger Delta is embedded in a complex web of formal and informal interactions with political actors and military elites which give significance and sustenance to the conflict. The article attempts to unpick some of the motivations and dynamics at work....

Written in 1978 from inside a Mozambican prison camp Wilfred Mhanda’s devastating Treatise, published for the first time with roape.net, exposes the reality of Zimbabwe’s so-called war for liberation. Known by his nom de guerre, Dzinashe ‘Dzino’ Machingura, Dzino explains that the guiding principle of the Zimbabwean nationalist movement was the pursuit of personal and clique power and not the attainment of revolutionary ideals. Mhanda presents an extraordinary, critical view of the liberation struggle, providing a Fanonian analysis of the role of the so-called liberators of contemporary Zimbabwe. This invaluable, unpublished text is introduced by David Moore. ...